Three days later, a phone call came through announcing her son’s death. Later the vehicle from the center brought Twalali’s body back to the village and the representatives left Zubeda 50,000 Uganda shillings ($14) and no explanation.
“I had questions as to what killed my child. I needed explanations but none was given to me by the women who came with the body,” Zubeda narrates in a sworn affidavit in a case before the High Court in Jinja.
Four years later in 2017, Kakai Annet from Buikwe district was persuaded her child suffered malnutrition and ended up at the same feeding center for a day where her son was tended to out of her sight. Kakai’s son Elijah Kabagambe was later driven to a public health center where he didn’t get any treatment or explanation. Days after this trip the child died.
Now these two women have sued Renee Bach and her religious non-governmental organization, Serving His Children for running an unlicensed facility where she personally passed herself off as a doctor and was involved in various medical procedures on children.
Bach first came to Uganda in 2007 to volunteer at an orphanage at the age of 18 with just a high school education then set up Serving His Children as an NGO in her home state of Virginia in the United States. She later moved back to Uganda in 2009 serving as president of the not for-profit.
In Uganda she also registered as an NGO that would work “in the fields of promoting evangelism, provide welfare for the needy.” But between 2010- 2015, Bach, now 30, admitted about hundreds of severely malnourished children, 105 of them died at her facility in Masese, Jinja.
Uganda reduced its under-five mortality by more than half, from 151 deaths per 1,000 live births to 64 deaths between 2001- 2016, although malnutrition continues to be a challenge according to the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey. And children whose mothers have had no education and are poor like the ones that came to Bach’s centre, remain majorly affected by malnutrition. But Bach did not always wait for them to come to her as Ashley Laverty, a former volunteer at the organization says in a sworn affidavit.
“She would look for the most critically ill children and convince their mothers to “run away” with them, and come to her center so they could be treated from there instead of the government hospitals,” states Laverty.
In 2015 district health authorities finally responded to community complaints to close the centre but Bach then secured a partnership with a public health centre in another district of Mayuge where the Serving His Children signpost is seen now.
There were no investigations or arrests even when her photos showed Bach involved in procedures like blood transfusion and administering IVs.
Her “The Angels of Africa” blog entries now form a big part of evidence where she would publish photos of severely ill children, their medical information with no permission followed by her stories of triumph. She was often the hero in the posts aimed at her financiers: mostly fellow American evangelicals. According to the US Internal Revenue Service ( IRS) tax forms, the NGO’s total revenue for 2015 was around $750,000 entirely raised from donors.
Primah Kwagala a Kampala-based lawyer who grew up in Jinja town now represents the women. “I knew the context so we moved as fast as we could. We are talking about illiterate women. If you are a white woman speaking English, wearing telescopes around the center and workers addressed her as “musawo” meaning doctor in the local language [Lusoga], they will assume you are one,” says Kwagala.
The lawyer says Bach’s misconduct went on for far too long partly due to the status of women and children at the receiving end of these medical experiments.
“She targeted women for whom a lot of violence is already normalized and many lack the language to describe the violations as they happen. They can’t write, they can’t read. They would never understand the health system. These are several layers of marginalization.”
The exploitation of vulnerable, uneducated women in Uganda’s health system is something Kwagala has tackled over the last decade leading strategic litigation to expand health rights especially maternal health rights.
Whether it is taking on big hospitals that violate rights of expectant mothers or schools that deny education to pregnant teens, she has been at the forefront of the fight for health rights.
Kwagala undertook her undergraduate law degree at Uganda’s oldest university, Makerere, and holds a Master’s of Law in Sexual Reproductive rights in Africa from the University of Pretoria in South Africa. In 2012, she was selected as human rights fellow at the Institute for the study of Human Rights at Columbia University in New York.
In June, Bach and her attorney David Gibbs III for the first time publicly addressed the claims on Fox News and as expected the news report opened with “a Christian missionary is fighting to clear her name” and it wasn’t about the lives of Ugandan children. “I have assisted our medical teams in emergency settings and in crisis situations but I have never practiced medicine and I have never adorned or put on any sort of uniform, a white coat. It is a tough allegation,” Bach says in the interview.
Among the many families, lawyers could only file with two women as complainants because parents were never given admission forms or death certificates as required by regulations. What stands out is the fact that Zubeda’s son Twalali’s naked body, hooked to all sorts of tubes in a photo was still on Bach’s fundraising posts in 2018.
“This is years after the child had died. We showed the post to the mother for verification, she just broke down. What is more undignified than to use a child who died in your care and you have never told the mother what happened?” she says.
The Ugandan lawyers contend “the actions of Reene Bach and SHC reflect those of a White Savior Industrial Complex.” They explain this as the belief that any white person irrespective of their academic status or training and economic standing can offer aid to poor black people.
The “White Savior Industrial Complex”was coined by a Teju Cole, the Nigerian- American writer in response to the 2012 Kony video by an American charity – Invisible Children. “The White Savior Industrial Complex is not about justice. It is about having a big emotional experience that validates privilege.”